Asthma is a chronic (long-term) disease of the respiratory system, which affects the lungs and the airways that carry air to and from the lungs. A person suffering from asthma has difficulty breathing due to the constriction of these airways. Inflammation and mucous in the airways (bronchi) can make the patient wheeze.The most common symptoms that can be seen in an asthma patients are coughing (especially after a long laugh or exercise), difficulty in breathing, tightness of the chest, shortness of breath, wheezing or whistling sound when breathing.Causes of Asthma:
Some of the causes of asthma include pollen, mites, food related allergies and environmental irritants like dust and smoke. In some cases, stress can be a trigger too. Not everybody gets asthma due to the same reasons and the triggers may be different for different people.
The fact that India contributes 10% to the total number of asthma patients globally is a cause of concern. It can affect people of any age group.
Some of the factors that may make you susceptible to asthma are:
- Genetic: If several of your family members suffer from Asthma then you too might be genetically pre-disposed to develop Asthma.
- If you are overweight
- If you are exposed to seasonal allergens like pollen.
- If you are a smoker or exposed to second-hand smoke.
- If you are allergic to certain foods or synthetic food additives like colours and preservative
There is no cure for asthma and the treatments revolve around reducing symptoms and the chances for a fresh asthma attack.
Foods for Asthma Patients
An asthma patient should try and switch from animal protein to plant protein and eat ginger and turmeric regularly. The patient should also avoid fried food, smoking, alcohol, cheese, food additives, processed foods and focus on an organic food diet. But that doesn't mean you can't live a normal life, you just need to be a little more cautious than the others. Have an optimistic approach and live your life to the fullest.
According to Dr. Pushpa of Saini Yoga and Meditation, an asthma patient should do steam inhalation every day, take half a tsp of cinnamon powder twice a day and avoid cold fruits like orange and banana.
Yoga for Asthma
Here are some yoga exercises suggested by her that will help asthma patients get relief from their asthmatic problems:
This yoga breathing paranayam is known as breath of fire. In this asana, both Inhalation and exhalation are forced. Bharastika comprises of exhaling and inhaling in order to provide complete oxygen to our body. This asana gives strength to lungs, helps in allergies, asthma, respiratory diseases, improves immune system and helps in common cold.
2. Anulom Vilom Pranayama
It is a breathing exercise which very easy to do and is very effective too. It helps in cases of stress and depression. It even improves the functioning of lungs. It is an efficient practice for asthma patients.
3. Nadi Shodhan Pranayama
This is also known as Alternate Nostril Breathing. This is the next level of Anulom Vilom pranayama. Nadis are the subtle energy channels in our body which tend to get blocked because of unhealthy lifestyle, stress and physical trauma. Shodhan means cleaning and unblocking the nadis. This asana helps you release tensions, stress and contributes in keeping the mind calmer.
4. Kapalbhati Pranayama
This asana is a breathing technique which helps in the improvement of respiratory system functioning.
5. SavasanaThis is like a sleeping pose which helps in providing relaxation to the mind and body. It improves concentration, treats insomnia, improves mental health, and relaxes muscles.
There's nothing better than yoga to treat diseases painlessly or without any side effects.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Asthma causes recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling
sound when you breathe), chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. The coughing often occurs at night or early in the
Asthma affects people of all ages, but it most often starts during childhood. In the United States, more than 25 million people are
known to have asthma. About 7 million of these people are children.
To understand asthma, it helps to know how the airways work. The airways are tubes that carry air into and out of your lungs.
People who have asthma have inflamed airways. The inflammation makes the airways swollen and very sensitive. The airways tend
to react strongly to certain inhaled substances.
When the airways react, the muscles around them tighten. This narrows the airways, causing less air to ow into the lungs. The
swelling also can worsen, making the airways even narrower. Cells in the airways might make more mucus than usual. Mucus is a
sticky, thick liquid that can further narrow the airways.
This chain reaction can result in asthma symptoms. Symptoms can happen each time the airways are inflamed.
Sometimes asthma symptoms are mild and go away on their own or after minimal treatment with asthma medicine. Other times,
symptoms continue to get worse.
When symptoms get more intense and/or more symptoms occur, you're having an asthma attack. Asthma attacks also are called
areups or exacerbations (eg-zas-er-BA-shuns).
Treating symptoms when you notice them is important. This will help prevent the symptoms from worsening and causing a
severe asthma attack. Severe asthma attacks may require emergency care, and they can be fatal.
Asthma has no cure.
However, with today's knowledge and treatments, most people who have asthma are able to manage the disease. They have few, if
any, symptoms. They can live normal, active lives and sleep through the night without interruption from asthma.
If you have asthma, you can take an active role in managing the disease. For successful, thorough, and ongoing treatment, build
strong partnerships with your doctor and other health care providers.
The exact cause of asthma isn't known. Researchers think some genetic and environmental factors interact to cause asthma, most
often early in life. These factors include:
An inherited tendency to develop allergies, called atopy (AT-o-pe)
Parents who have asthma
Certain respiratory infections during childhood
Contact with some airborne allergens or exposure to some viral infections in infancy or in early childhood when the immune
system is developing
If asthma or atopy runs in your family, exposure to irritants (for example, tobacco smoke) may make your airways more reactive to
substances in the air.
Some factors may be more likely to cause asthma in some people than in others. Researchers continue to explore what causes
The "Hygiene Hypothesis"
One theory researchers have for what causes asthma is the "hygiene hypothesis." They believe that our Western lifestyle—with its
emphasis on hygiene and sanitation—has resulted in changes in our living conditions and an overall decline in infections in early
Many young children no longer have the same types of environmental exposures and infections as children did in the past. This
affects the way that young children's immune systems develop during very early childhood, and it may increase their risk for atopy
and asthma. This is especially true for children who have close family members with one or both of these conditions.