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साधारणता गर्भावस्थेत मासिक पाळी येत नाही. पाळी न येणे हे गर्भधारणेचे सूचक आहे. परंतू गर्भवती महिलेला ब्लीडिंग सुरू झाली तर सर्वात पहिली भीती मिसकॅरेजची असते परंतू काही महिलांनी गर्भावस्थेत पाळी येते आणि याने बाळाला धोका नसतो.

तज्ज्ञांप्रमाणे गर्भाशय दोन भागात असणार्‍यांसोबत हे घडू शकतं. याला बायकोर्नुएट यूट्रस असे म्हणतात. ज्यात एका भागात बाळ वाढतं आणि दुसर्‍या भागात पीरियड्स येतात.

गर्भावस्थेत ब्लीडिंग होण्याचे कारण
इम्प्लांटेशन ब्लीडिंग किंवा स्ट्रीकिंग : फर्टिलाइज अंडज गर्भाशयात आल्यावर हलका रक्तस्त्राव होऊ शकतो. या दरम्यान एक किंवा दोन दिवस केवळ स्पॉटिंग होते.

ट्यूबल प्रेग्नेंसी
: अंडज यूट्रसऐवजी फॅलोपियन ट्यूबमध्ये वाढत असल्यास त्याला ट्यूबल प्रेग्नेंसी म्हणतात आणि यात ब्लीडिंग होते.

अधिक रक्तस्त्राव
: चौथ्या, आठव्या किंवा बाराव्या आठवड्यात मासिकचक्राच्या दरम्यानच घडतं. लक्षण मासिक पाळीसारखीच असतात जसे शारीरिक वेदना, गॅस, मूड स्वींग होणे.

संबंधानंतर रक्तस्त्राव
: गर्भावस्थेत शारीरिक संबंधानंतर रक्तस्त्राव होऊ शकतो. हे धोकादायक नाही तरी डॉक्टरांना याबद्दल माहिती द्यावी.

: गर्भाला वाढवण्यात शरीर अक्षम असल्यास ब्लीडिंग होते. परंतू गर्भधारणेचे सोळा आठवडे झाले की हा धोका नसतो.

तर, गर्भावस्थेत ब्लीडिंग होत असेल किंवा स्पॉटिंग होत असेल तरी डॉक्टरांचा सल्ला घ्यावा.

What Is Benadryl?

Benadryl, also known as diphenhydramine, is a type of antihistamine that is used to treat a cough, cold, itching, watery eyes, hives and other allergy symptoms. It is also used for managing anxiety and insomnia, which is common among pregnant women.

The drug is available in two major forms, tablets and syrup . Other brand names of diphenhydramine include Sominex, Nytol, and Unisom.

Can You Take Benadryl (Diphenhydramine) While Pregnant?

Yes, it is safe to take Benadryl during pregnancy, but only after consulting your doctor.

The US Food and Drug Administration lists Benadryl as a category B drug for pregnancy risks, which means that there are no known harmful side effects of it. However, there is no proof that it is entirely safe during pregnancy, and should only be taken if prescribed by a doctor.

How Much Benadryl Is Safe To Take During Pregnancy?

The recommended oral dosage is 25mg to 50mg (one to two Benadryl tablets) once in every four to six hours as suggested by the doctor.

Benadryl can sometimes lead to drowsiness or dizziness, so it is better to avoid activities such as driving, working with tools or machinery when you are on the medication. In any case, take the dosage prescribed by the doctor to stay safe.

What Could Be The Side Effects Of Benadryl During Pregnancy?

1.Benadryl is not linked to any birth defects. But when taken in excess, it could put the mother at risk.

2.Nervous system effects: Benadryl has sedating qualities and causes drowsiness, which can lead to depression in the long term. It also causes light-headedness, blurred vision, spatial and mental disorientation, loss of appetite, hallucinations, nervousness, and insomnia.

3.Hypersensitivity: Studies by the John Hopkins University showed that diphenhydramine could cause hypersensitivity that could lead to rashes, eczema, and pruritis.

4.Cardiovascular and gastrointestinal problems: Headaches, hypotension, palpitations and tachycardia, and mild gastrointestinal issues such as nausea, vomiting and dry mouth are also noticed.

5.Fetal morbidity: Benadryl, in combination with another drug Restoril (or temazepam used for treating anxiety), is likely to increase the risks of fetal morbidity .

6.Birth defects: Studies show that taking diphenhydramine in the first trimester can increase the chances of the baby having a cleft lip or palate.

When To Avoid Benadryl During Pregnancy?

Stay off Benadryl if you have any of the following:

Colostomy or ileostomy
Breathing issues such as asthma
Gastro and intestinal conditions
Liver and kidney problems
Urinary problems
Blood pressure
Thyroid problem
Keep reading to know the answers to frequent queries about Benadryl during pregnancy.

1. Yellow Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy:
Here are a few reasons why you may notice a yellow colored discharge from your vagina while you are pregnant:

A yellow discharge from your vagina, especially while you are pregnant, could be an immediate signal towards a possible infection.

The neutrophils, which are a type of white blood cells, are present near your vaginal area, and can result in the yellowish color that you may see in your vaginal discharge.

2. Green Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy:
Here are a few reasons you may notice a green discharge during pregnancy:

Seeing a vaginal discharge during your pregnancy that is green can be a little daunting, and it is something you should also be careful about. If you do notice a green color in your vaginal discharge while you are pregnant, make sure you speak to your doctor about it immediately. The green color is often an indication of some or the other infection.

If you see a greenish vaginal discharge while you are pregnant, take a look and see if the green color is present throughout the discharge or if it is only in a few spots.

A greenish discharge from your vagina can mean that you have a chronic infection.
When you have any vaginal infection or an infection that may be present near your vaginal area, the neutrophils, which is a type of white blood cell, start multiplying in number. During an infection, these white blood cells become extremely active, and there are a lot of activities that goes on. As some of the neutrophils start to die, they break up into smaller pieces and give off a green colored pigment that is also known as verdoperoxidase. It is this pigment that makes your vaginal discharge look greenish.

Verdoperoxidase is a type of enzyme and is sometimes also referred to as the green mucus, due to its color and texture.
It is the enzyme that creates peroxidase activity that is present in pus.

Another reason that you could notice a green color in your vaginal discharge is the presence of vaginal warts. A wart is a type of growth that often occurs as a result of a viral infection as part of a sexually transmitted disease, or even otherwise. Warts may be the same color as your skin or could also be grayish. While they can appear anywhere in your genital area or anal region, warts that are present in your vaginal area can lead to a greenish discharge.

If you notice a strong and foul smell that accompanies your green vaginal discharge, it could also be a case of trichomoniasis. The other symptoms that you will notice in this case are a yellowish and greenish discharge, and the texture will be a little bubbly, or frothy. Trichomoniasis is a type of parasitic infection and in most cases affects your vaginal area, the urinary tract or even your digestive system.

Another possible reason that could lead to a greenish vaginal discharge is a condition known as gonorrhea. It is a type of venereal disease in which you experience discharge from your vagina that may appear a little frothy.

3. Pink Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy:
Here are a few reasons you may notice a pink colored discharge from your vagina while you are pregnant:

It is also possible that sometimes you notice a pinkish tint to your vaginal discharge, which can either be completely pink, dark pink or a pale pink.
In most cases, the pink color that you notice in the discharge from your vagina while you are pregnant is because there are small amounts of blood mixed in an otherwise white discharge.

The vaginal discharge could be tinged with blood and may have the type of color that you notice almost towards the end of your menstrual period when the blood flow is at its last phase.

One of the first times when you will most likely notice a pinkish discharge from your vagina after you have become pregnant is at the earliest days after you have conceived. It is most likely a case of implantation bleeding. Once you conceive, the egg that is fertilized makes its journey towards your womb and implants itself there, resulting in a little amount of bleeding. The pinkish discharge that you see at this time is the little bleeding that gets mixed with your regular white vaginal discharge and makes it pink.

Towards the last few weeks or days of your pregnancy, you may notice the pink vaginal discharge again. If it also has a thick consistency and has a texture like that of mucus, it could be a sign that your labor is due any time now and could be nearer than you realize.

Sometimes, a pink discharge during pregnancy could also point towards a severe infection in the vaginal area or your uterus. If you also experience any itching or pain along with the discharge, make sure you immediately speak to your doctor about it.
In some cases, a pinkish discharge from your vagina, while you are pregnant, could also mean that there has been a miscarriage. Sometimes, a silent miscarriage or a missed miscarriage can be the reason. It means that even though the fetus is not alive anymore, the body is not able to realize the same and continues to behave as if the pregnancy is still on.

In such cases, the body is not able to remove the pregnancy tissue from its system. In such a situation, the placenta will still keep releasing the hormones that are related to pregnancy, which is why all the symptoms of pregnancy, such as nausea, dizziness, distaste towards food and such may still be present.

Another reason that could lead to the pinkish discharge from your vagina while you are pregnant is if it is a case of ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy is a type of pregnancy in which the fetus, instead of growing inside the womb, starts to develop outside the womb. In most cases in an ectopic pregnancy, the fetus starts to develop in the fallopian tube. It is a very serious condition that can be dangerous for the mother to be.

If you notice a pinkish discharge from your vagina towards the end of your pregnancy, it could also be because of a condition known as placenta previa, which is also known as abruptio placentae. It is a condition in which the placenta is placed in such a way that it either completely or partially blocks the opening of the uterus. In such a case, it becomes difficult for the unborn baby to be born via a vaginal birth. It is a condition that can cause internal bleeding, contractions in the uterus as well as severe distress to the unborn baby.

When Should You Call Your Doctor?

While it is normal to have vaginal discharge while you are pregnant, there are certain situations that may require immediate medical attention and you should speak to a doctor about it. Here are a few such situations that you should take note of and make sure to call your healthcare provider to understand what needs to be done:

You may notice an increase in your vaginal discharge which looks more watery, could be more like mucus in texture or could also have very prominent spots of blood present in it. The vaginal discharge could also be lightly tinged with blood, making it look more pinkish than white or red. Sometimes, it could also be a dark brownish color that looks more like dried blood. If you have not yet reached the 37th week of your pregnancy, it could mean that you are about to enter into premature labor. Make sure you immediately call your health care provider and inform about the same.

You could have a simple white discharge from the vagina that does not have any odor but feels very uncomfortable. Some symptoms that you may notice with such a discharge could be pain while you go to the bathroom to pee, or pain if you are having sexual intercourse with your partner after your doctor has given you the confirmation to go ahead. You may also experience some pain, soreness, tenderness around your vaginal area. In some cases, you may notice that the opening of your vagina has an inflammation and may also look red. If you do notice these signs and symptoms, it could mean that you have a yeast infection. Make sure you speak to your doctor and understand what you should do as a precaution and for treatment.

The signs and symptoms could point towards a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) known as trichomoniasis. Some other symptoms could be itching or irritation in your vaginal area or the opening of the vagina, and redness or swelling in your vaginal area or the opening of the vagina. Additionally, you may also experience pain, discomfort or a burning sensation while you urinate or when you have sexual intercourse. Make sure you stop any sexual activity for the time being and speak to your doctor about it first.

Taking Care Of Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy:

Vaginal discharge is extremely common and even normal during the time that you are pregnant, but there is no doubt that it can be very uncomfortable and may also feel very unhygienic. If you want to make things a little bit more comfortable for yourself and also want to ensure that you do not have the risk of catching any infection, try out the following tips that could be helpful:

In case of a normal discharge from your vagina, you may want to use a panty liner if you feel the flow is quite heavy and regularly soils your underpants. Using a panty liner will help to absorb the discharge without letting it stain or spoil your clothes.

Instead of a panty liner, you could also use a regular sanitary pad if you feel you are more comfortable using the same. Make sure that you regularly change the sanitary pad, even if you feel that it is not completely soaked. Do change the pad at least once every four hours to avoid the chance of any possible infection.

Do not use tampons while you are pregnant, as it could lead to certain infections and may cause more discomfort than comfort.

It is always a good idea to keep your private parts clean and healthy so that you have a lesser risk of catching an infection, especially when you are pregnant. Make sure that you always keep your genital area clean and especially after each time that you use the toilet. Always remember to wipe from the front to back motion instead of the back to front motion. If you try to clean yourself from the back to front motion, germs from your anal region could come up towards your vaginal area and enter the same, which could lead to a possible infection.

Wear underpants that are only made out of pure cotton fabric, as these will absorb all sweat and make it difficult for bacteria and other germs to thrive.

Do not wear tight pants, stockings or nylon based products around your genital area.

Avoid taking bubble baths as some bubble baths can cause irritation in your vaginal area and lead to an infection.

Try to use non-scented soaps instead to keep your vaginal area clean.

No matter the type or color of vaginal discharge you experience while you are pregnant, make sure that you always keep your doctor updated about the same. Also, if you have any concern or feel any symptoms such as itching, burning, swelling, redness or anything else that is mentioned above, immediately speak to your doctor.

अंड्या खाण्याची सर्वाची आपली वेगळी पद्धत आणि फ्लेवर असतो. कोणाला उकडलेला आवडतो तर कोणाला ऑम्लेटच्या स्वरूपात. कोणी ला करीच्या रूपात खाणे पसंत करत तर कोणी याचे पोच्ड बनवून.

अंड्यात विभिन्न प्रकारचे व्हिटॅमिन्स जसे व्हिटॅमिन A,B12,D आणि E असतात. अंड्यात फोलेट, सेलेनियम आणि दुसरे बरेच प्रकारचे लवणं देखील असतात.

हार्वर्ड स्कूल ऑफ पब्लिक हेल्थच्या रिसर्च रिपोर्टमध्ये असा दावा करण्यात आला आहे की अंडं फक्त सामान्य लोकांसाठी नव्हे तर प्रेग्नेंसीमध्ये अंडी खाणे फारच फायदेशीर ठरत. रिपोर्टनुसार अंड्यात आढळणारे तत्त्व प्रेग्नेंसीमध्ये महिलांना या प्रकारे प्रभावित करतात.
जाणून घ्या प्रेग्नेंसीमध्ये प्रत्येक दिवशी एक अंडं का खायला पाहिजे...

1. अंड्यात ओमेगा 3 फॅटी अॅसिड असतो. यामुळे कंसीव करण्यात मदत मिळते.

2. प्रेग्नेंसीमध्ये फॉलिक अॅसिड खाण्याचा सल्ला देण्यात येत असतो आणि अंड्यात फॉलिक ऍसिड उपस्थित असतो.

3. अंड्यात अॅमिनो अॅसिड असतो, म्हणून प्रेग्नेंसी दरम्यान थकवा
कमी येतो.

4. यात कुठलेही दोन मत नाही की अंड्यात कॅल्शियम असत, जे न फक्त आईसाठी बलकी गर्भात वाढत असलेल्या बाळाच्या विकासासाठी फारच महत्त्वपूर्ण असत.

5. यात कोलीन आणि बीटेन असत, जे आईचे दूध तयार करण्यात मदतगार ठरत. म्हणून ब्रेस्ट फीड करवणार्‍या महिलांसाठी अंडी फारच महत्त्वपूर्ण असतात असे सांगण्यात येते.

6. अंड्यात ओमेगा 6 फॅटी ऍसिडपण असतो. हे ब्रेस्ट कॅसरपासून बचाव करण्यात मदतगार ठरतो.

7. प्रेग्नेंसीत केस गळतीचा त्रास असतो आणि त्वचा देखील कोरडी पडते. अशात अंड्याचे सेवन करणे फायदेशीर ठरत. कारण यात अँटीऑक्सीडेंट आणि सल्फर असत जे आईची त्वचा आणि केसांचे रक्षण करतो.

गर्भवती महिलांच्या आरोग्यासाठी जिर्‍याचे पाणी फारच फायदेकारक असते.

कसे प्यावे गर्भवती महिलेने जीऱ्याचे पाणी
जीऱ्याचे पाणी पिण्यासाठी आधी एक लिटर गरम पाण्यात एक चमचा जीरे टाकून ते उकळून घ्यावे. जेव्हा पाणी थंड होईल तेव्हा गाळून ते पाणी प्यायला पाहिजे.

जीऱ्याचे पाणी पिण्याचे फायदे

१. ब्लड प्रेशरचे नियंत्रण ठेवते.
जीऱ्यात पोटॅशिअम मोठ्या प्रमाणात असते. पोटॅशिअम ब्लड प्रेशरचे नियंत्रण ठेवण्यास मदत करते.

२. शरीरातील रक्ताचे प्रमाण कमी होऊ नाही देत.
गर्भवती महिला दोन जीवांची असते. तिच्या शरीरात रक्ताचे प्रमाण कमी होण्याचा संभव असतो. जीऱ्याच्या पाण्याने हिमोग्लोबीन वाढते आणि शरीरातील लोहाचे प्रमाणही वाढते.

३. रोगप्रतिकार शक्ती वाढवते.
जीऱ्यामध्ये लोहाचे प्रमाण जास्त असते जे रोगप्रतिकार शक्ती वाढवते.

Dr. Devendra Khairnar
Dr. Devendra Khairnar
MD - Allopathy, Pediatrician, 8 yrs, Pune
Dr. Kusum Garudkar
Dr. Kusum Garudkar
MS/MD - Ayurveda, Family Physician Ayurveda, 23 yrs, Pune
Dr. Manisha Garud
Dr. Manisha Garud
BDS, Dental Surgeon Dentist, Pune
Dr. Sandip Nimbhorkar
Dr. Sandip Nimbhorkar
BAMS, Ayurveda Naturopathy Specialist, 21 yrs, Pune
Dr. Jyoti Kumari
Dr. Jyoti Kumari
BDS, Chest Physician Child Abuse Pediatrician, Ranchi