Health Tips
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Dr. HelloDox Care #
HelloDox Care

What Is Laryngitis?
You open your mouth to talk, and all that comes out is a whisper or squeak. You’ve got laryngitis. And you may wonder: How did this happen?

Swelling in the voice box, also known as the larynx, causes laryngitis. This organ is in your upper neck just beyond the back of your throat. An infection, such as a cold, the flu, or bronchitis, may spur the swelling. Or the problem could be something as simple as overuse.

The vocal cords, two folds of tissue within your larynx, become inflamed. Sound from the area is muffled, and you are hoarse.

Laryngitis usually isn’t a big deal. With proper treatment, it should go away in no more than 3 weeks. But you have ways to stop it from happening or make it go away faster.

What Are the Symptoms?
Laryngitis is often related to another illness, such as a cold, flu, or bronchitis. Symptoms include:

Sore throat
A low-grade fever
Trouble speaking
A dry cough
A constant urge to clear your throat
Swollen glands
You have a greater chance of getting it if you smoke, overuse your voice a lot (if you are a singer or public speaker, for example), or are prone to colds, the flu, and bronchitis.

Though it’s usually virus-related, there are also ongoing, or chronic, forms of the illness, generally brought on by smoking and alcohol abuse.

Acid reflux can also play a role. Strong acids can travel up from the stomach into your throat and get all the way to your larynx. This can irritate it and make you lose your voice.

Other causes of chronic cases include:

Bacterial infection
Fungal infection, such as thrush
Injury, such as a hit to the throat
Inhalation of chemical fumes
Sinus disease
Some health conditions, including cancer, can also help cause laryngitis.

Treatments and Medications
The best treatment is to rest your voice. Without the stress of everyday use, it will often recover on its own.

If your need to speak clearly is urgent, a doctor may prescribe corticosteroids. This is a class of man-made drugs that mimic hormones, such as cortisol, that your body makes naturally. They reduce swelling.

You can try a number of home remedies to aid in your healing:

Drink plenty of fluids. Early on, swallowing may be painful, but the more you’re hydrated, the better. But, avoid alcohol and caffeine.
Use humidifiers and menthol inhalers. Moisture is your friend, and menthol can be soothing.
Gargle with warm salt water. The salinity not only soothes the area, but also reduces swelling.
Avoid dry, smoky, or dusty rooms.
You may also suck on throat lozenges, which often contain herbs such as eucalyptus and mint, known for calming sore throats.

If you’re in pain, you can take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Midol, Motrin). Always follow the instructions about how often and how many to take.

What Not to Do
Stay away from decongestants. They dry you out when your throat wants moisture.

Certain herbs -- such as licorice, marshmallow, and slippery elm -- have reputations as throat pain relievers, but they interact with some medications. Talk to your doctor before taking them.

When Should I See a Doctor?
Laryngitis in adults is not serious, but you should see a doctor if you’ve been hoarse for more than 2 weeks, are coughing up blood, have a temperature above 103 F, or are having trouble breathing.

However, it can be very serious in children. Watch for fever and call a doctor if:

Your child is younger than 3 months old and has a temperature of 100 F or higher or is older than 3 months old has a fever of 102 F or higher.
He’s having trouble swallowing or breathing, or is making high-pitched sounds when inhaling, or drooling more than usual.
In kids, it may lead to croup, a narrowing of the airways, or epiglottitis, an inflammation of the flap at the top of the larynx. This condition can be life-threatening, so get emergency treatment if you or a child in your care has had laryngitis and starts gasping or having any trouble breathing.

Tests and Diagnosis
Because viral laryngitis usually goes away within a couple of weeks, you probably don’t need to see a doctor. If you end up needing to make a visit, she is likely to do the following:

Examine your throat and take what’s called culture. The culture will likely grow out the bacteria or virus that is causing the laryngitis.
Use an endoscope, a narrow tube, equipped with a camera. She threads it into your throat through your nose or mouth. You’re given something to numb you so you won’t feel any pain. This way, the doctor can get a close-up look at your vocal cords.



Dr. HelloDox Care #
HelloDox Care


लॅरिन्जायटिस लक्षण:
खालील वैशिष्ट्ये लॅरिन्जायटिस दर्शवितात:

- गोंधळ
- कमकुवत आवाज
- व्हॉइस लॉस
- गुदगुल्या करणारा संवेदना
- घसा दुखणे
- कोरडे गले
- कोरडा खोकला
- ताप
- वेदना
- संकटे
- वाहणारे नाक
- स्नायू वेदना
- धाप लागणे

लॅरिन्जायटिस चे साधारण कारण
लॅरिन्जायटिस चे साधारण कारणे खालीलप्रमाणे आहेत:
- व्हायरल इन्फेक्शन्स
- जीवाणूजन्य संक्रमण
- फंगल संसर्ग
- आघात

लॅरिन्जायटिस साठी जोखिम घटक
खालील घटक लॅरिन्जायटिस ची शक्यता वाढवू शकतात:
- श्वसन संक्रमण
- सिगारेटचा धूर
- अति प्रमाणात मद्यपान
- पोट ऍसिड
- रसायनांचा संपर्क
- खूप मोठ्याने बोलणे

लॅरिन्जायटिस टाळण्यासाठी
होय, लॅरिन्जायटिस प्रतिबंधित करणे संभव आहे. खालील गोष्टी करून प्रतिबंध करणे शक्य आहे:
- धुम्रपान करू नका.
- अल्कोहोल मर्यादित करा.
- मसालेदार पदार्थ खाण्यापासून टाळा.
- आहारामध्ये संपूर्ण धान्य, फळे आणि भाज्या समाविष्ट करा.

लॅरिन्जायटिस ची शक्यता आणि प्रकरणांची संख्या खालीलप्रमाणे जगभरात प्रत्येक वर्षी दिसली आहेत:
- अत्यंत सामान्य 10 दशलक्ष प्रकरणे.

सामान्य वयोगटातील जमाव
- लॅरिन्जायटिस कोणत्याही वयात होऊ शकतो.

सामान्य लिंग
- लॅरिन्जायटिस कोणत्याही लिंगात होऊ शकतो.

प्रयोगशाळेतील चाचण्या आणि प्रक्रियांचा वापर लॅरिन्जायटिस शोधण्यासाठी केला जातो:
- लॅरिन्गोस्कोपी: तोंडी रक्ताच्या असामान्यता तपासा
- बायोप्सी: लॅरिन्जायटीसचे लक्षणे निदान करा

जर रुग्णांना लॅरिन्जायटिस चे लक्षण असतील तर खालील तज्ञांना भेट द्यावे:
- ऑटोरिनोलॅलरीगोलिस्ट

उपचार न केल्यास लॅरिन्जायटिस च्या अधिक समस्या गुंतागुंतीची होतो?
होय, जर उपचार न केल्यास लॅरिन्जायटिस गुंतागुंतीचा होतो. लॅरिन्जायटिस वर उपचार न केल्यास, उद्भवणार्या गुंतागुंती आणि समस्यांची सूची खाली दिली आहे:
- तीव्र श्वसन समस्या

खालीलप्रमाणे स्वतःची काळजी किंवा जीवनशैलीत बदल लॅरिन्जायटिस च्या उपचार किंवा व्यवस्थापनास मदत करू शकतात:
- श्वासोच्छ्वास हवा: घरामध्ये हवा किंवा कार्यालय ओलसर ठेवण्यासाठी आर्द्रदर्शक वापरा.
- अल्कोहोल टाळा: लॅन्गंजिटिसच्या लक्षणे सुधारण्यासाठी मदत करा.
- धूम्रपान टाळा: लॅन्गंजिटिसच्या लक्षणे सुधारण्यासाठी मदत करा.
- भरपूर द्रवपदार्थ प्या: निर्जलीकरण प्रतिबंधित करते.
- गळा ओला ठेवा : लोझ्जेन्सवर चवण्याचा प्रयत्न करा, मीठ पाण्याने घासणे किंवा गमचा तुकडा चवण्याचा प्रयत्न करा.

लॅरिन्जायटिस उपचारांची वेळ
प्रत्येक रुग्णाच्या उपचारांकरिता वेळ-कालावधी भिन्न असू शकते, तज्ञांच्या पर्यवेक्षणानुसार योग्यरित्या उपचार केल्यास लॅरिन्जायटिस निराकरण करण्यासाठी विशिष्ट कालावधी लागतो:
- 2 आठवड्यांपेक्षा कमी

Dr. Rahul Sudhakar
Dr. Rahul Sudhakar
BDS, Dentist, 5 yrs, Pune
Dr. Aniket Amrutkar
Dr. Aniket Amrutkar
BAMS, Family Physician Physician, 8 yrs, Pune
Dr. Rajiv Srivastava
Dr. Rajiv Srivastava
Specialist, Cardiac Surgeon Cardiothoracic Surgeon, 20 yrs, Thane
Dr. Ratnaprabha  Chaudhari
Dr. Ratnaprabha Chaudhari
MS/MD - Ayurveda, Ayurveda Infertility Specialist, 9 yrs, Pune
Dr. Sarita Bharambe
Dr. Sarita Bharambe
DHMS, Family Physician, 30 yrs, Pune
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