Finding out what causes jaw pain can be difficult, mostly because there are numerous sources from which the pain can originate, such as muscles, bones in the jaw, teeth, or areas of the body you do not necessarily suspect, like your ears, sinuses, or even your heart.
Pain is your body's way of signaling that something is wrong—you're grinding your teeth, you have an infection, or you have a joint disorder, for example—so getting to the bottom of your jaw pain is important, not only for your comfort but also to fix the underlying problem, which can be serious.
The most common causes of jaw pain are dental issues and disorders that affect your temporomandibular joint, the joint that connects your lower jaw bone to your skull.
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorder
The most common presenting signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder include jaw tenderness that may feel like a toothache, as well as headache or an earache. The pain may get worse when chewing food and a person may hear and/or feel a clicking or popping noise when eating, as well as an overall decreased jaw range of motion. In addition, this condition may be associated with neck stiffness and pain, shoulder pain that radiates down the arm, and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)
Teeth grinding can cause jaw pain and, since many people do this while sleeping, you may not be aware that you are, too.
Symptoms of bruxism include jaw, face, and neck pain; headaches; and dental problems, including fractured and worn down teeth.
Besides teeth grinding, other muscle overuse conditions, like teeth clenching and excessive gum chewing, can also cause jaw pain.
There are multiple dental problems associated with jaw pain. For example, a crack tooth may cause intermittent, dull or sharp jaw pain that is triggered by biting or eating. A cavity may cause constant pain that is worsened by hot or cold food. Other dental problems like tooth abscesses and dry sockets may also cause jaw pain.
An infection within the head and neck area, specifically a sinus or ear infection, may cause jaw pain. Besides jaw pain, other symptoms of sinusitis may include:
Likewise, besides jaw pain, other symptoms of an ear infection may include difficulty hearing, vertigo, nausea, and occasionally, ear drainage.
Injuries to the jaw or face, including a dislocated or broken jaw, can cause significant pain.
While jaw pain is classically linked to a TMJ problem, infection, or dental issue, there are other causes that a doctor needs to consider.
Jaw pain may signal a heart attack, a potentially life-threatening condition that warrants immediate medical attention. Besides a crushing or heavy feeling in the center of left side of the chest that may move to the jaw, neck, or shoulder, other potential symptoms of a heart attack include difficulty breathing, sweating, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, and weakness.
If you or someone you're with may be having a heart attack, go to the emergency room or call 911 immediately.
Autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, and systemic lupus erythematosus may also cause jaw pain, specifically symptoms that mimic those of TMJ disorder.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a severely painful condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, which helps you detect facial sensations and move your jaw. This condition causes one-sided attacks of sharp, electric-shock-like pain in the lips, eyes, nose, jaw, forehead, and scalp. The pain is generally triggered by eating, talking, or exposing your face to cold air.
Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
Osteonecrosis occurs when the blood supply to a bone is disrupted and the bone begins to die. It can cause severe pain. Causes of osteonecrosis include excessive alcohol consumption, the use of corticosteroid medications, and trauma.
Certain types of cancer, like oral cancer, may cause jaw pain. With oral cancer, there may be other symptoms present, such as a persistent pain in the mouth, a sore in the mouth that doesn't heal, trouble chewing or moving the jaw, swelling of the jaw, loosening of the teeth, a lump or mass in the neck, and unexplained weight loss.
When to See a Doctor
It may surprise you that the above list of jaw pain causes is not exhaustive. This is why it's important to seek out a proper diagnosis from a doctor or dentist.
While the majority of jaw pains are not related to medical emergencies like a heart attack, if your discomfort is severe and/or prolonged, or if your pain is associated with symptoms like trouble breathing, chest pain, sweating, or dizziness, be sure to seek immediate medical attention.
In order to access the cause of your jaw pain, your doctor will first ask you several questions about your pain, like when it began, how severe it is, and whether the pain is intermittent or constant. He will also inquire about whether there has been any recent jaw trauma, as well as habits that may trigger jaw pain. The timing of the jaw pain, like whether it occurs in the morning upon awakening, can also help a doctor figure out the diagnosis.
दाढदुखीची समस्या अत्यंत गंभीर असते. दाढ दुखत असताना येणाऱ्या कळा धडधाकट व्यक्तीला सुद्धा असह्य होतात. त्यामुळे दाढदुखीची समस्या टाळण्यासाठी काही दातांची योग्य निगा राखणे गरजेचे असते. दातांची निगा राखण्यासाठी जेवण झाल्यानंतर न विसरता चूळ भरावी. सकाळी उठल्यानंतर आणि रात्री झोपण्यापूर्वी दात स्वच्छ घासावेत. जास्त थंड, गरम आणि कडक पदार्थ खाणे टाळावे. लहान मुलांना चॉकलेट, गोड पदार्थ शक्यतो कमी प्रमाणात द्यावे किंवा देणे टाळावे.
दाढ दुखत असल्यास तुळशीची ५ ते १० पाने स्वच्छ धुवून, कुटून त्याचा रस काढावा आणि त्यात कापराच्या ३ ते ५ वड्या मिसळाव्यात. कापसाचे छोटे छोटे ३ ते ४ बोळे या मिश्रणात भिजवून दुखणार्या दाढेत ठेवावेत. त्यामुळे दाढदुखी कमी होण्यास मदत होते. दाढदुखीवर डॉक्टरांचा सल्ला घेऊन दाढ नेमकी का दुखते, यावर योग्य उपचार घेणं आवश्यक आहे.
दातांची योग्य काळजी न घेतल्यास दाढ दुखी सारख्या समस्यांना तोंड द्यावं लागतं. त्यामुळे दाढ दुखीवर काय उपचार केले पाहिजे हे जाणून घ्या.
दातांची निगा कशी राखावी
१. खाल्ल्यानंतर प्रत्येक वेळी व्यवस्थित चूळ भरावी.
२.सकाळी उठल्याबरोबर व रात्री झोपण्यापूर्वी दात स्वच्छ घासावेत.
३.खूपच थंड, गरम, कडक पदार्थांचे सेवन शक्यतो टाळावे.
४.लहान मुलांना खूप गोड व चॉकलेट, तसेच अतिथंड पदार्थ देणे टाळावे, तसेच नियमित दात घासायला लावणे.
दाढ दुखीवर सोपा उपाय :
तूळसीची ५ ते १० पाने स्वच्छ धुऊन वाटीमध्ये किंवा छोट्या ऊखळीमध्ये घेवून कुटुन त्याचा रस निर्माण करावा आणि त्यात कापुराच्या 3 ते 5 वड्या मिसळून घ्यावे. कापसाचे छोटे छोटे ३ ते ४ बोळे या मिश्रणात भिजवून दुखणार्या दाढेत ठेवावेत त्यामुळे दाढ दुखी कमी होण्यास मदत होते.
दाढ दुखीवर डॉक्टरांचा सल्ला देखील घ्यावा. दाढ नेमकी का दुखते यावर योग्य उपचार घेणं आवश्यक आहे.