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Most women do not seek medical advice during menopausal time, and many women require no treatment. However, a woman should visit a doctor if symptoms are affecting her quality of life. Women should choose the type of therapy dependent on their menopausal symptoms, medical history, and personal preferences.

>> Hormone replacement therapy (HRT): Women can keep the symptoms of menopause at bay by supplementing their estrogen and progestin levels. HRT can be received through a simple patch on the skin. This patch releases estrogen and progestin. HRT is highly effective for many of the symptoms that occur during menopause.

- Risks of HRT
HRT raises the risk of #BreastCancer, #OvarianCancer, and #UterineCancer. It increases the risk of coronary heart disease risk and #stroke.
It slightly accelerates loss of tissue in the areas of the brain important for thinking and memory among women aged 65 years and over.

>> Medicines
- Low-dose antidepressants: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been shown to decrease menopausal hot flashes. Drugs include: venlafaxine (Effexor), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), paroxetine (Paxil, others), citalopram (Celexa)

- Drug treatment for hot flashes: Hot flashes can be treated using gabapentin, available under the brand name Neurontin, and clonidine, which is often sold as Catapres. Clonidine can be taken either orally as a pill or placed on the skin as a patch. It is effective in treating hot flashes, but unpleasant side effects are common, including #Constipation, #DryEyes, and nightmares.

- Osteoporosis treatments: Treatments for #osteoporosis include dietary supplements and drug therapy.

- Drug treatments for vaginal symptoms: Vaginal estrogen may be applied to the area as a tablet, ring, or cream. This medication effectively treats #VaginalDryness, #dyspareunia, and some urinary problems.
Moisturisers are available over-the-counter.

Dr. Sanjeev Parmar
Dr. Sanjeev Parmar
MBBS, Gynaecologist Infertility Specialist, 16 yrs, Pune
Dr. BHARAT SARODE
Dr. BHARAT SARODE
MBBS, Addiction Psychiatrist Educational Psychologist, 25 yrs, Pune
Dr. Harshad Danwale
Dr. Harshad Danwale
MD - Homeopathy, Homeopath, 5 yrs, Pune
Dr. Nilima  Pawar
Dr. Nilima Pawar
BHMS, General Physician Homeopath, 12 yrs, Pune
Dr. Sujay Patil
Dr. Sujay Patil
MBBS, General Medicine Physician, 5 yrs, Mumbai
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