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Flu shot myths and facts

Dr. HelloDox Care #
HelloDox Care

October is the start of flu season. It’s also the time of year when people have questions about flu shots and flu prevention. To clear up some common concerns, here are some of the most common myths about flu shots, along with the facts.

Myth: You can get the flu from the flu shot.

Fact: This is simply not true. In fact, it’s impossible.

“It is not a live vaccine,” explains Alexis Valente, interim manager of occupational health, safety and wellness at Women’s College Hospital. “You cannot get the flu from the flu shot because it is an inactive virus that is in the shot.”

Even though the vaccine used in flu shot injections contains no live vaccine, this is one of the most common myths about flu shots. Some people report that they became ill after having the shot, but they had probably already been exposed to whatever made them ill.

“It’s likely because something was already in their system, but they weren’t showing symptoms yet,” Valente says. It takes about two weeks for the flu vaccine to take effect, so people are still at risk immediately after getting a shot. That’s one of the reasons people are encouraged to get their flu shot early.

Myth: I don’t need a flu shot because I got one last year.

Fact: To be protected, you need to get a flu shot every year.

There are two reasons for this. One is that a flu shot’s protection wears off over time. The second is that the flu virus changes – or mutates – over time. The vaccine is updated from one year to the next, to try to make it as effective as possible against the current flu virus.

“There are different strains of flu virus,” Valente says. “So each year a new vaccine is formulated based on research predicting which viruses are likely to be common this season.”

Myth: The flu shot is not effective.

Fact: The flu shot does not always provide complete protection, but it is the best protection available.

There are different strains of flu virus, and the vaccine does not protect against all of them. Effectiveness can vary from year to year depending on how accurately the vaccine matches the strains that are circulating that year.

“Last year, for the 2015-16 flu season, the flu shot was 64 per cent effective,” Valente says. “That’s not as high as some other years. However, it’s better than being zero per cent effective if you don’t get a flu shot.”

Myth: I eat well and exercise, so I won’t get the flu.

Fact: Anyone can catch the flu.

That’s why the flu shot is recommended for most people over six months old. A healthy lifestyle is very important to your overall well-being and long-term health, but flu shots and good hand hygiene are the best defence against flu.

The flu virus spreads through droplets that are transported when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks. People nearby can inhale these droplets and become infected. Infected people can also leave droplets on surfaces such as doorknobs, elevator buttons, or other surfaces that many people touch. Another person can become infected by touching these surfaces and then touching their own nose, mouth or eyes. That’s why it’s so important to clean your hands frequently and use hand sanitizer.

“Two things we really promote here at Women’s College Hospital are good hand hygiene and getting a flu shot, because in healthcare the rate of getting flu is much higher than in other workplaces,” Valente says.

Myth: The flu is no big deal.

Fact: Flu can be a serious illness.

Valente notes that complications that can arise from flu include pneumonia, hospitalization and, in rare cases, even death.

According to the Public Health Agency of Canada, there are about 1 billion cases of flu worldwide every year, and 3 million to 5 million of those cause severe illness. The flu kills between 250,000 and 500,000 people worldwide every year. The most vulnerable groups include people over age 65 or under age 5, pregnant women, and people with other health conditions.

Even in cases that don’t become severe or life-threatening, the flu is very unpleasant and usually lasts 10 days to two weeks.

Another thing to consider is the possibility of passing the flu virus to someone more vulnerable.

“You can pass it on to a family member, a colleague or a member of the public,” Valente says.

Myth: Pregnant women should not get a flu shot.

Fact: Canada’s National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) notes that pregnant women are at increased risk for complications from flu, and recommends flu shots for all pregnant women.

Flu shots by injection are safe in pregnancy. In fact, NACI notes that vaccinating pregnant women protects against flu in their newborns (who cannot be vaccinated against flu until age six months).

“It’s recommended for pregnant women regardless of the stage of pregnancy,” Valente says. “And also for those who are breastfeeding, and those who are planning a pregnancy.”


गर्भवती महिलांनी घ्यायावयाच्या या लसींबद्दल तुम्हाला माहित आहे का?

Dr. HelloDox Care #
HelloDox Care

लस गर्भवती महिलांना विविधं रोगांपासून प्रतिकार करण्यासाठी शक्ती प्रदान करतात, जी अन्यथा गरोदरपणाच्या काळात संकुचित झाल्यास गंभीर ठरू शकते. शिवाय नवीन जन्मणाऱ्या बाळाला ही रोगप्रतिकार शक्ती प्रदान करते. टिटॅनस टॉक्साइड ही गर्भवती महिलांस २४ आठवडयानंतर नियमितपणे देण्यात येणारी लस आहे. ही लस दोन वेळा ४ आठवडे द्यावी.

इतर लस गर्भधारणेदरम्यान सुरक्षित आहेत, त्यामध्ये हेपटायटीस बी लसी, रेबीज व्हॅकिन, डिप्थीरिया आणि इन्फ्लुएंझा लसींचा समावेश आहे.
गर्भ समागमाच्या सैद्धांतिक जोखीमांमुळे गर्भधारणेदरम्यान प्रतिबंधात्मक लक्षणे दिसतात. ज्यामध्ये मेसल्स, मम्प्स, रूबेला (एमएमआर), व्हॅरिसेला (चिकन पॉक्स), बीसीजी (टीबी), पिवळे लस आणि पोलिओची लस यासारखी लस समाविष्ट आहेत. लसीकरण झालेल्या स्त्रीला कमीत कमी ४ आठवडे गरोदर न राहण्याचा सल्ला द्यावा.

हॅपीटायटीस लस

संसर्गग्रस्त लसीचा धोका जास्त प्रमाणात संक्रमण होण्याची शक्यता असताना गर्भवती महिलेला हिपॅटायटीस लस मिळणे आवश्यक आहे. याची नियमितपणे शिफारस केली जात नाही.

हॅपीटायटीस बी लस

तीन डोस- ०,१,६ महिने, लसीकरण न केल्यास गर्भधारणेदरम्यान दिली जाऊ शकते. विशेषत: उच्च जोखमीच्या प्रकरणांमध्ये गर्भाधारणेच्या काळात दिलेली इन्फ्लूएन्झा लस गर्भवती महिलेचा विषाणूंपासून संरक्षण करते. शक्यतो इमर्जन्सी नसल्यास ही लस १२ आठवड्यांनंतर द्यावी. यामुळे बाळामध्ये इन्फ्लूएन्झाच्या संक्रमणांचादेखील ६ महिने प्रतिबंध होईल, जोपर्यंत बाळाला इन्फ्लूएन्झासाठी कोणतीही लसीकरण प्राप्त होत नाही तोपर्यंत ही लस आईला प्राणघातक एच 1 एन 1 विषाणु संसर्गापासूनदेखील रक्षण करते ज्यामध्ये न्यूमोनियामुळे महिलेचा मृत्यू ही होऊ शकतो. ही इन्फ्लूएंझाची लस दरवर्षी बदलली जाते. प्रत्येक वर्षीच्या संवेदनाक्षम इन्फ्लूएंझा विषाणूंवर ही लस अवलंबून असते. जून आणि ऑक्टोबर दरम्यान लस देण्याची शिफारस केली जाते.

डी-टॅब लस

डिप्टीरिया, टिटॅनस आणि पार्टीसिस डी-टॅब लसीकरण दिले जाऊ शकते. २० आठवड्यांनंतर गर्भधारणा झाल्यानंतर २८ आठवड्यांनंतर एक इंजेक्शन द्या. यामुळे अर्भकाचे ६ महिन्यापर्यंत रक्षण होऊ शकते

अॅन्टी-आरएच-डी लस

RH -VE महिलेचा पार्टनर RH +VE (अप्रत्यक्ष कूंबची टेस्ट केल्यानंतर) असल्यास गर्भधारणेच्या २८ आठवड्यात अँटि-आरएच-डी लसची शिफारस केली जाते. तसेच बाळाचे रक्तगट RH +VE असल्यास डिलीव्हरीनंतर पुनरावृत्ती केली जाऊ शकते. यामुळे भविष्यात गर्भपात होण्यास प्रतिबंध होतो.
(इरिथोब्ल्लास्टोस्फेटलीस प्रतिबंध)

प्रवास लस

ही प्रवासी लस ३ रोगांसंबंधित आहे, पिवळा ताप, जपानी तापरोग आणि टायफाईड ताप विरोधात आहे.


सीडीसीने गर्भधारणेदरम्यान पिवळा ताप टाळावा अशी शिफारस केली जाते. जर एखाद्या स्त्रीला स्थानिक परिस्थितीत प्रवास करणे आवश्यक असेल, तर तिला ही लस दिली जाते. तथापि, लसीकरण न झाल्यास गर्भवती नसलेल्या स्त्रिया ४ आठवड्यासाठी गर्भनिरोधक वापरतात.

जपानी एन्सेफलायटीस

जपानी तापरोग- यासंबंधी गर्भधारणेदरम्यानचा पुरेसा अभ्यास उपलब्ध नाही. म्हणूनच सावधगिरी बाळगली पाहिजे, फक्त गर्भवती महिलांनी स्थानिक भागात प्रवास केला पाहिजे.


साधारणपणे स्त्रियांना एमएमआर लसी व प्रसूतीनंतर चिकन पॉक्स विरूद्ध लस दिली जाऊ शकते कारण स्तनपानवेळी ती सुरक्षित आहे. सर्वसाधारणपणे, गर्भवती स्त्रियांना गर्दीच्या ठिकाणी जाणे टाळावे. साबण आणि पाण्याने नियमितपणे आपले हात स्वच्छ करा. तसेच संवेदनाक्षम किंवा गर्दीच्या भागात मास्कचा वापर करावे. हे सर्व गर्भवती महिलांमध्ये संसर्ग टाळण्यास मदत करेल.

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