Since the coronavirus began spreading across the world, we’ve learned a lot about the lengths to which people will go for a tube of hand sanitizer or a face mask. As the number of confirmed coronavirus cases increases and states and countries lock down large gatherings or shops to promote social distancing, these uncertainties are driving people to panicking situations.
Humans are notoriously bad at assessing risk in the face of uncertainty—and we’re often bad at it in different ways that cause us to overestimate our personal risks.
Here is some information provided where you can easily find out about your health and thus helps you to stop panicking in this situation.
People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. Small droplets from the nose or mouth that spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales that spread the disease from person to person. Those droplets land around the person on objects and surfaces. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.
A person might also be able to get COVID by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or probably eyes, but this is not thought to be the primary way the virus spreads.
People which are at a higher risk of getting infected can be –
People who have travelled with their family members to other countries over the last 14 days.
People from other countries who have worked with people who have traveled to other countries over the last 14 days.
Family members and contacts of patients confirmed to have COVID-19.
People over the age of 60 and those with medical conditions such as high blood pressure, heart attacks, respiratory disease / asthma, cancer or diabetes are at greater risk of severe complications.
Keep abreast of the new COVID-19 outbreak information available on the WHO website, and via the national and local public health authority. Most people who are infected encounter mild disease and recover, but for others it may be more serious. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:
Wash your hands frequently
Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with a hand rub based on alcohol, or wash them with soap and water.
Maintain social distancing
Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
Hands reach several objects and are able to catch viruses. Holds will pass the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth until infected. The virus can invade your body from there, which can make you sick.
Practice respiratory hygiene
Ensure you practice good respiratory hygiene, as well as the people around you. It means, when you cough or sneeze, you cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue. Then immediately dispose of the used tissue. If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early, Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Most common symptoms are fever, tiredness and a dry cough, according to the WHO. Several patients will also have a runny nose, sore throat, nasal inflammation, discomfort and diarrhoea. Approximately 80 percent of people who get Covid-19 experience a mild case – about as severe as normal cold – and recover without any special treatment being required.
Elderly people and individuals with underlying medical issues such as high blood pressure, heart disorders or diabetes or chronic respiratory conditions are at a higher risk forCovid-19 serious illness.
If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately. Emergency warning signs include:
Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
New confusion or inability to arouse
Bluish lips or face
Other symptoms can include:
The home quarantined person should:
Stay ideally in a well-ventilated single room with an adjacent / separate toilet. If another family member wants to remain in the same room, a gap of at least 1 meter between the two should be maintained.
Needs to stay away from the elderly, pregnant women, infants and homeless people with co-morbidities.
Restrict his/her movement within the house.
Under no circumstances attend any social/religious gathering e.g. wedding, condolences, etc.
He/She should also follow the under mentioned public health measures at all times:
Wash hand as often thoroughly with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Avoid sharing household items e.g. dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people at home.
Wear a surgical mask at all times. The mask should be changed and disposed of every 6-8 hours. Disposable masks shall never be used again.
Masks used by patients / caregivers / close associates during home care should be disinfected with ordinary bleach solution (5 percent) or a sodium hypochlorite solution (1 percent) and then disposed of either by burning or deep burial.
Used mask should be considered as potentially infected.
If there are signs (cough / fever / difficulty breathing) he / she will inform the nearest health center immediately or call 011-23978046. Instructions for family members of individuals being quarantined at home.
Only an assigned family member should be tasked with taking care of the such person
Avoid shaking the soiled linen or direct contact with skin.
Use disposable gloves when cleaning the surfaces or handling soiled linen.
Wash hands after removing gloves.
Visitors should not be allowed.
In the case that the person being quarantined is symptomatic, all his close contacts will be quarantined at home (for 14 days) and followed up for another 14 days or until the laboratory testing result turns out to be negative.